Theories of punishment can be divided into two general philosophies: utilitarian and retributive. 1) INTRODUCTION – A Punishment is a consequence of an offense. The punishment deserved is the punishment authorized under a fair penalty schedule; no other conception of deserved punishment can be defended; the perennial lure of an illusory independent criterion for desert, founded ultimately on intuition, as well as of utilitarian calculations, must be resisted. Always a hot button issue, how and why we punish law breakers is left up to the government, and depending on which way the current government leans, they decide which theories will influence how they sentence criminals. 1) Elaborate the various theories of punishment in Criminal Law (10m) There are four theories of punishments, namely, retribution theory, deterrent theory, and reformation theory. Retributive Theory: Blood for blood is the basis of this theory. Theories of Punishment (kinds of Punishment under Criminal Law) SYNOPSIS-1) INTRODUCTION. Following are the theories of punishment: 1. The retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. Process of punishment is essential for the smooth running of society. 2) THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT. In the absence of punishment, there will be chaos, confusion and disorder in the state and the weak will be exploited and victimized by the strong. Punishment is our topic of discussion today, specifically the reasonings behind it, also referred to as the theories of punishment. The utilitarian theory of punishment seeks to punish offenders to discourage, or "deter," future wrongdoing.

Firstly, a kid who falls down and kicks the floor inadvertently. Punishments are imposed on the wrong doers with the object to deter them to repeat the same wrong doing and reform them into law- abiding citizens.